agave macroacantha care

Agave Macroacantha Care Guide | Black-Spined Agave

Agave Macroacantha also known as black spined agave. It has blue-Gray-colored leaves and brown sharp pointed tips.

It grows in a tighter formation, and its symmetrical growth pattern looks so beautiful in your outdoor garden.

Agave Macroacantha agave succulent is monocarpic in nature; however, it produces new offsets which blooms even after the mother plant dies. What does that mean?

The ‘monocarpic’ nature is nothing but a single blooming life of the plant. That means plants take a considerably long time to grow and blooms once in a lifetime, and dies after bloom.

However, before they die the ‘hen’ or mother plant starts to turn its color into black and eventually puts off pups or gives birth to new young charming black spined succulent, which will be preparing themselves to bloom in the coming time. This sounds scary, but it’s an all-natural process.

I am sure you will get plenty of information you need for your garden and home decor. This article will illustrate Agave Macroacantha cultivation methods, procedures, basic requirements, and some valuable resources.

agave macroacantha care


How to propagate Agave Macroacantha Succulent?

The Agave Macroacantha or Black Spined Succulent can be cultivated by Division and Offset Propagation.

Propagate Agave Macrocantha by Division propagation method:

Cut or split the rhizome with the help of a sharp tool such as a knife. Make sure that prepared cuttings must have some roots which can help and increase the chances of succulent growth. After this important step, allow to callous over for three to four days and your prepared division is ready to plant.


‘Agave Macroacantha has a very sharp tip and edges. In addition, its sap is toxic to humans as well as animals. So, take proper precautions while handling and propagation of this succulent.

Propagate Agave Macrocantha by offset method:

To propagate new succulents employing the offset method, choose a healthy and well-developed offset. Then remove it from the main plant with the help of a sharp knife or scissors. After removing the offset from the main plant allow it to callous-over for several days. It is important to maintain the soil moisture levels properly. The prepared offsets are ready to lay on well-draining soil.

Where to Plant Agave Macrocantha Succulent?

The selection of soil is an extremely important part of the cultivation process in the case of agave macroacantha.

  • Soil – Sand or Loam (Well-draining) in full sun
  • Soil pH – Acid, Alkaline Neutral, sandy or gravelly


The zones (10a) where the temperature ranges less than 30 F (-1.1 degree C); would be a great atmosphere because it’s not cold resilient. You can use a different variety of containers; so, it would be much easier to shift them indoor or outdoor according to your preferences.

In my view, I use designer containers that look so beautiful with succulents. It certainly set a beautiful look to your home and garden décor.


The 6 hours of full sunlight nurtures it so well. Choose a particular place in your garden where full sunlight or indoor lighting conditions are suitable.

Agave Macroacantha Care Tips

Taking care of Agave Macroacantha Succulent is relatively stress-free. Follow subsequent easy steps and you are done:

1. Light Requirement

  • Indoor Plantation: at least 6 hours of full sunlight daily or use grow lights additionally for appropriate light requirements. (Indoor not recommended)
  • Outdoor Plantation: 6 hours of full sunlight is more than enough.

2. Temperature Requirement

It requires a minimum temperature of about 30 F (-1.1 degree C). If you are living in the northern hemisphere, locate the plant in a southern-facing window. However, the temperature requirements may vary as per plant varieties and species.

3. Soil and Pot Selection

A well-draining soil is ideal for Artichoke Agave. Moreover, a vital factor is the pot selection, where the plant finds home to them. The pot or container with holes will facilitate an easier way to drain the unnecessary water.

These days, a stylish container comes with such holes, which add both appearances and practical water draining functionality.

4. Watering Practices

The Artichoke Agave has similar watering requirements as most succulents. The ‘soak and dry’ method works best for these species of the plant.

Most succulents grow best by ‘Soak and Dry’ watering practices. The Agave is no exception. In this method, soak the soil properly then allow it to dry completely. Adapting regular watering practices may halt the development of black spined succulents, and they may not survive!

 Quick Summary:

  • Plant Type – Cactus (Succulent)
  • Plant Family – Agaves
  • Full Sun – 6 Hours
  • Typical water needs for a succulent
  • The plant grows up to 24” (61 cm) tall
  • The plant grows up to 48’’ (122 cm) wide
  • Spacing – 60” (152 cm)
  • Maintenance – Low
  • Watering – Low, Average
  • Soil – Sand or Loam (Well-draining)
  • Soil pH – Acid, Alkaline Neutral, sandy or gravelly
  • Minimum 30° F | -1.1° C (Zone 10a)
  • Propagation by Division and Offsets Propagation.
  • Season – Spring, Summer, and Winter
  • Characteristics: Showy Flowers and Evergreen.
  • Can be toxic to humans and animals



Hi there! By profession I am a Mechanical Engineer; though, I have a keen interest in gardens, plants and succulents. I hope you like my articles on beautiful succulents and plants. Happy  Gardening!!!

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